Garden,Japanese garden-Trad Japan's Gallery-

Bokkai Residence

One passes through the gate to rlnd the ground covered with a layer, of the kind of small black pebbles known as nachiguro, With flat, rectangular granite paving stones l6ading in a straight line to the entrance of the tea house. To the left, three stepping stones of various sizes made of Kurama rock show the way to the arbor,

where guests wait for the tea ceremony to begin.

Garden,Japanese garden-Trad Japan's Gallery-

Kanmin Garden, Zuihoin Temple

The designer of this garden intended it as the north garden of the Hojo rather than as a tsuboniwa, but since its location-between those quarters and a tea room-is typical of a tsuboniwa, it can be introduced here as an outstanding example of the latter. The sevenrocks arranged on a bed of white sand are said to form the shape of a cross, since the original founder of the temple, Otomo Sorin, was a Christian daimyo. The two different types of Bamboo fence that mark off the garden are in no way intrusive, and help to integrate the whole.

Garden,Japanese garden-Trad Japan's Gallery- Mikami Residence

This tsuboniwa takes into account the views from three different rooms_ Individualobjects such as the stone welsh basin and the kutsunugi stone all use superior material. Similar care on the part of the designer is apparent in the vegetation: low shrubsare chosen so as ro keep the garden light, relaxed, and restful in feeling.

Garden,Japanese garden-Trad Japan's Gallery-

Nakakura Residence

During a recent remodeling of the residence, the garden too was refashioned, making use as far as possible of the original materials; it was also, presumably, reducedin size. The Kasuga stone lantern, the rock arrangements, and the stepping stonesare all rather large, but a Kenninji fence and shrubbery to maintain a balance in the composition as a whole,

 Garden,Japanese garden-Trad Japan's Gallery-

Shozenji Temple

A tsuboniwa that also functions as a roil, it is marked off into outer and inner areasby a low bamboo fence. The stepping stones made of untreated rock and set in amore or less straight line have a pleasant freedom from fussiness; functionally, theyare easy to walk on, and spiritually they prepare the guest for the simplicity andcalm of the tea ceremony.

Garden,Japanese garden-Trad Japan's Gallery-

Ban Residence

 In the center of an overall surface of black and white gravel, a rather massive stone  base is surmounted by a pleasingly shaped iron lantern, A sensitive touch is provided by ten to fifteen clumps of bamboo with low-lying fern and sacred lilies growing around the base, which give a stylish feel to the garden as a whole.

Garden,Japanese garden-Trad Japan's Gallery-  Kanchiin (a subsidiary temple of the Kyoo Gokokuji)

This "dry landscape" garden, designed to be viewed From any angle, is given abundant vitality by the low shrubs and the moss covering it. The "river" of white sand mowing beneath the connecting corridor winds on its way to pour into the "sea" of the main garden of the temple’s Kyakuden (a National Treasure). The mastery of the garden's designer is apparent in the beauty of the rock groupings.

Garden,Japanese garden-Trad Japan's Gallery- Tokaian Temple

An inner garden lying between the Hojo and the Shoin and entirely encircled by corridors. The whole space is covered with fine white sand, with seven small rocks arranged in a more or less straight line. This type of "dry landscape" effect, using mainly sand and rocks, with neither pond nor any other water, is used symbolically, with its intimations of a vast universe, to express the Zen spirit.

 Garden,Japanese garden-Trad Japan's Gallery-

Kodaiji Temple

This garden is designed both to give pleasure to the eyes of visitors as they walk to ward the Kyakuden, and to serve as a front garden for those quarters themselves.

The rocks set in the moss against the background provided by a roofed, white plaster wan are intended to suggest a triad of Buddhist divinities. The wash basin, stepping stones, and the like are all rather massive, contributing to the leisurely feeling of the whole.